Influence of temperature on the electrical conductivity of leachate from municipal solid waste

TitleInfluence of temperature on the electrical conductivity of leachate from municipal solid waste
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsGrellier S, Robain H, Bellier G, Skhiri N
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume137
Issue1
Pagination612 - 617
Date Published09/2006
KeywordsBioreactor, Electrical conductivity, Electrical Resistivity Tomography, Leachate sample, Temperature
Abstract
A bioreactor landfill is designed to manage municipal solid waste, through accelerated waste biodegradation, and stabilisation of the process by means of the controlled addition of liquid, i.e. leachate recirculation. The measurement of electrical resistivity by Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) allows to monitor water content present in the bioreactors. Variations in electrical resistivity are linked to variations in moisture content and temperature. In order to overcome this ambiguity, two laboratory experiments were carried out to establish a relationship between temperature and electrical conductivity: the first set of measurements was made for leachate alone, whereas the second set was made with two different granular media saturated with leachate. Both experiments confirm a well known increase in conductivity of about 2% [degree sign]C-1. However, higher suspended matter concentrations lead to a lower dependence of electrical conductivity on temperature. Furthermore, for various porous media saturated with an identical leachate, the higher the specific surface of the granular matrix, the lower the effective bulk electrical conductivity. These observations show that a correct understanding of the electrical properties of liquids requires the nature and (in particular) the size of the electrical charge carriers to be taken into account.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.02.049
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